Gone In The Air - The Music of Eric Dolphy
Gone In The Air - CD cover
Chris Biscoe Quartet
Trio Records TR578
BBC double award winner Tony Kofi joins Chris Biscoe in an exploration of the musical legacy of reeds virtuoso Eric Dolphy. Gone In The Air features arrangements specially developed for this quartet with music written by Eric Dolphy, and tunes from Oliver Nelson, Fats Waller and Monk which he recorded.

more information about The Chris Biscoe Quartet
Chris Biscoe has appeared as a soloist on more than 40 albums, including records with George Russell, Mike Westbrook, Andy Sheppard and The Brotherhood of Breath. Major tours include Hermeto Pascoal Big Band and The New York Composers Orchestra
Chris Biscoe
Tony Kofi's album of Thelonious Monk tunes, All is Know, was a double award winner in 2005 (BBC and Parliamentary Jazz Awards), and his group was also voted Best Ensemble at the BBC Awards. He has been featured with The World Saxophone Quartet, Andrew Hill, David Murray and Sam Rivers, is a member of Byron Wallen's group Indigo, and has worked extensively with Chris Biscoe in Grand Union.
Tony Kofi
Larry Bartley is a leading light of the contemporary jazz scene, featured with the bands of Byron Wallen, Ingrid Laubrock and Jason Yarde.
Larry Bartley
Stu Butterfield works with the Henry Lowther/Jim Mullen Quartet, Mingus Moves and The Strayhorn Project.
Stu Butterfield
Arranger’s commentary by Chris Biscoe
Serene: an unusual variation on a twelve-bar blues, it originally featured bass clarinet. My unaccompanied alto clarinet introduction is based on the chords of the tune. Hear the original on Eric Dolphy’s second album as leader, Out There.
Les comes from Dolphy’s debut album, Outward Bound, featuring Freddie Hubbard, and also appears on some later live recordings. The theme is 14 bars played twice, again echoing the 12-bar blues form, with a 2-bar tag, and the solos followed the same sequence. In our version, I’ve lengthened each chord to give more time to explore the relationship between Dolphy’s melodic ideas and the underlying chord. Solos are over 32 bars plus a 4-bar tag.
Out To Lunch: a definitive Eric Dolphy composition, the title track of his most famous record, and one of the pieces in which he begins to break with jazz tradition. The solos are freely based on the melodic structure.
245 is also from Outward Bound and follows the classic 12-bar blues form.
Jitterbug Waltz appears on the 1963 record Conversations. Fats Waller’s tune is a reminder of Dolphy’s affinity with pre-bop jazz. Listen to The Newport Rebels, on which Eric Dolphy plays with great fire, but is a natural partner to swing era giants Roy Eldridge and Jo Jones.
Potsa Lotsa (also known as Number 8) starts with an 8-bar Latin riff, followed by a swinging 10-bar theme. The Eric Dolphy-Booker Little Quintet recording features alto sax soloing over the chords of the 10-bar sequence. For our recording I’ve chosen to play alto clarinet, allowing me to double the bass line on the Latin riff, and opened up the solo sequence to give more breathing space. We start each solo with 8 of the 10 bars, extend the next 2 bars to 8 bars, then add the 8-bar Latin riff, making a 24-bar solo sequence.
Stolen Moments: Oliver Nelson’s classic minor blues comes from Blues and the Abstract Truth.
Miss Ann first appears on The Eric Dolphy-Booker Little Quintet - Far Cry but is also on several performances recorded during European tours. Like Les it is a 14-bar theme with elements of the blues in the chord sequence and, in the original, the solos are over the 14-bar chord sequence. I combined the melody notes with the chord tones to make up a kind of note row for each chord, and Tony and I solo on a 24-bar sequence.
Hat and Beard is another composition from Out To Lunch, and quite different to his earlier blues and bop influenced pieces. It starts with a 9 beat bass figure and the improvised section springs from this.
Gone in the Air: the title is a quote from the June 1964 interview Eric Dolphy recorded in Holland, some of which appears on Last Date. At the end of our recording session I decided to play some alto flute while Stu, Larry and Tony were packing up and winding down. As it happens, we were still being recorded.
....an exhilarating, heady rush of music....There are few sounds in the music as distinctive and joyously vibrant as a Dolphy-led band in full flight, and Biscoe's quartet .... recapture the fiercely life-affirming quality of the great man's manner perfectly, Biscoe all daring intervallic leaps and wailing urgency, the intelligently complementary Kofi his astringent but powerful self, Bartley lithe and propulsive, Butterfield briskly, bouncily percussive in the best 1960s manner but none the less himself throughout. Strongly recommended.
Chris Parker, Vortex Website, May 2008
Chris Biscoe, with fellow saxophonist Tony Kofi, bassist Larry Bartley and drummer Stu Butterfield, succeed amazingly well in entering Dolphy’s remarkable musical universe via nine themes which he recorded, plus one Dolphyesque free improvisation.
Dave Gelly, The Observer 01.06.2008
The late Eric Dolphy would have been 80 this year and this magnificent recording is Chris Biscoe's tribute to a remarkable talent. .... he's chosen a delightful programme of Dolphy's compositions plus Jitterbug Waltz and Stolen Moments which Dolphy also recorded. The playing is spot on. Great sleeve notes. I hope this will be a winner.
Peter Bevan, Northern Echo 05.06.2008
Big, robust soloing from Biscoe and Kofi, with great support from Bartley and Butterfield. These guys are swinging hard. It’s an honest tribute to Eric Dolphy and the music is played with passion and authenticity.
Julian Joseph, Jazz Line-Up, BBC Radio 3, 14.06.2008.
Biscoe’s ability to bridge sound worlds as different as Evan Parker’s and Charlie Parker’s makes him one of the most formidable European saxophonists...   ....a contemporary quartet devotedly rooted in advanced bebop, but so clamorously enjoying it that the music sounds remarkably new. Dolphy classics from the Outward Bound and Out to Lunch albums are here, but also sizzling versions of covers he liked playing, including Oliver Nelson’s Stolen Moments and Fats Waller’s Jitterbug Waltz.
John Fordham, The Guardian 20.06.08
That splendid saxophonist Chris Biscoe takes the music of his idol, Eric Dolphy, as the programme for this tremendously enjoyable CD. He's joined by altoist Tony Kofi in the front-line of a pianoless quartet pushed along with zest by bassist Larry Bartley and drummer Stu Butterfield. The exchanges between Biscoe and Kofi crackle with intelligence and invention. This is jazz of real fire and drive, and performances of Serene, with its astonishing solo opening from Biscoe, Out to Lunch and Stolen Moments have much to savour.
Andrew Vine Yorkshire Post 27.06.2008
This tribute album led by the reliably excellent Biscoe .... evokes a characteristic Dolphy world both by covering some of his most well-known tunes, and through the quartet’s on the- edge-of-free but still boppy ensemble vibe.
.... the rhythm section of Larry Bartley on bass and Stu Butterfield on drums swings freely.
Phil Johnson, The Independent, 29.06.2008
Alto saxophonists Chris Biscoe (who also plays alto clarinet and flute) and Tony Kofi are the main soloists, and both individually and jointly they evoke the distinctive ‘cry’ that Dolphy always brought to his playing. Both, in their different ways, seek always to avoid cliches, and to make their statements both personal and genuinely innovative. The outcome is music which is utterly compelling.... Bassist Larry Bartley and drummer Stu Butterfield provide admirable support.
Pete Martin, Jazz UK Issue 82, August/September 2008
Spirits of adventure infuse this release.... Biscoe and Kofi complement each other wonderfully. Stu Butterfield.... and bassist Larry Bartley have to perform the delicate task of underpinning the music without gluing it down, and this they do brilliantly. A most enjoyable disc.
Brian Glasser, Jazzwise August 2008, Issue 122
Chris Biscoe: alto sax,
alto clarinet, alto flute

Tony Kofi: alto sax

Larry Bartley
: double bass

Stu Butterfield: drums
1. Serene   5.43
2. Les   4.19
3. Out to Lunch   7.11
4. 245   3.25
5. Jitterbug Waltz   4.40
6. Potsa Lotsa   8.00
7. Stolen Moments   8.56
8. Miss Ann   3.04
9. Hat and Beard   2.18
10. Gone in the Air   0.55
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